Agrarian Science and Food Technologies


Issue №: 4(103)

Published: 2019.02.28

У збірнику висвітлено питання підвищення продуктивності виробництва продукції сільського і рибного господарства, технології виробництва і переробки продукції тваринництва, харчових технологій та інженерії, водних біоресурсів і аквакультури

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Polishchuk T.V., Сandidate of Аgricultural Sciences, Associate Professor


Vinnytsia National Agrarian University


Analyzing the ratio of time spent on individual elements of cows’ behavior, it has been established that the ethological characteristics vary depending on the level of milk productivity. The cows with a low productivity (4,000 kg) spent the most time (35.7% of the total time) in the lying position. The animals with a higher level of productivity (5,000 and 6,000 kg) spent most of their time on feed consumption and were more active. Therefore, it was very important for studies to assess the strength and direction of the link between ethological characteristics and indicators of milk productivity of cows.

The milk productivity of cows is positively correlated with such indicator as the duration of feed consumption, regardless of the level of productivity. Such a link is characterized by a positive medium and high correlation dependence. The presence of probable correlation links (<0.01-<0.001) between the indicators of milk yield for lactation, the average daily milk yield, the fat content in milk and the duration of feed consumption indicate that the more time is spent by animals for eating feed, the higher their productivity is. The established natural phenomenon can be manifested in the selective and general totality, and also provides an opportunity to apply this knowledge when forming the groups.

As for the differences between the experimental groups, the correlation between the indicator of milk yield and the duration of resting in the lying position is different in the cows with a productivity level of 4,000 kg (r = -0.69 at P <0.05). The reciprocal average correlation between the duration of resting in the standing position and the milk yield (r = -0.66 at P <0.05) was established in the cows with the level of productivity of 5,000 kg. By the indicator of the duration of movement and the milk yield in the cows, the productivity of which varied in the range of 6,000 kg, the reciprocal average, close to high, probable link (r = -0.74 at P <0.01) was established.


Therefore, the relative variability of the ethological characteristics of cows and the milk yield for lactation, the average daily milk yield and the fat content in milk is in accordance with the biological characteristics of ruminants, while the available differences greatly depend on the individual characteristics of animals.

Keywords: ethology, timing, tether, loose keeping, feed tables, comfort, weight, duration, cows

List of references

1. Hordiichuk, N.M. & Hordiichuk, L.M. & Salamakha, I.Iu. (2016). Povedinka koriv i teliat pry riznykh sposobakh utrymannia [Behavior of cows and calves under different ways of keeping]. Naukovyi visnyk LNUVMBT im. S.Z. Gzhytskoho – Scientific bulletin of  Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after Gzhytskyi, 18, 57-60. [in Ukrainian].

2.  Haidenko, O. & Yevtushenko, S. (2017). Etolohichni osoblyvosti formuvannia produktyvnosti tvaryn [Ethological characteristics of formation of animals’ productivity]. Ahrobiznes sohodni Agribusiness today, Sereda, 15, liutoho. Retrieved from http://agro-business.com.ua/agro/suchasne-tvarynnytstvo/item/8137-etolohichni-osoblyvosti-formuvannia-produktyvnosti-tvaryn.html. pdf [in Ukrainian].

3.  Batyr, R.Iu. (2013). Vplyv kratnosti doinnia na etolohiiu koriv [Impact of multiplicity of milking on the ethology of cows]. Visnyk Dnipropetrovskoho derzhavnoho ahrarnoho universytetu – Bulletin of Dnipropetrovsk State Agrarian University, 2, 149-152 [in Ukrainian].

4.  Lukhtai, A.M. (2010). Povedinka koriv ukrainskoi chervono-riaboi molochnoi porody u riznykh za rozmirom tekhnolohichnykh hrupakh za umovy spozhyvannia kormiv u zafiksovanomu polozhenni [Behavior of the cows of black-speckled dairy breed in different technological groups when consuming feed in the fixed position]. Naukovyi visnyk LNUVMBT im. S.Z. Gzhytskoho – Scientific bulletin of Lviv National University of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after Gzhytskyi, 12, 228-231 [in Ukrainian].

5.  Tkach, Ye.F. (2011). Hospodarski ta biolohichni osoblyvosti vysokoproduktyvnykh koriv [Economic and biological characteristics of highly productive cows]. Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv region: Chubynske [in Ukrainian].

6.  Lohvinenko, V.I. (2013). Vzaiemozviazok molochnoi produktyvnosti koriv ta rivnia yikh vidtvoriuvalnoi zdatnosti zalezhno vid liniinoi prynalezhnosti [Interrelation of milk productivity of cows and the level of their reproductive ability depending on the linear affiliation]. Zootekhniia – Zootechnics, 34, 107-110 [in Ukrainian].

7.  Zubets, M.V. & Tokarev, N.F. & Vynnychuk, D.T. (1996). Etolohyia krupnoho rohatoho skota [Ethology of cattle]. Kyiv: Ahrarna nauka [in Ukrainian].

8.  Plokhynskyi, N.A. (1969). Rukovodstvo po byometryy dlia zootekhnykov [Biometrics guide for livestock specialists]. Mykolaiv: Kolos [in Ukrainian].


9. Poliovyi, L. & Kazmiruk, L. & Kryuchkov, M. (2016). Selection of cows by different methods and purposes. Agrarna nauka ta xarchovi texnologiyi [Agrarian science and technology of technologies], 4(98), 78-83.

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Аnimal feeding and feed technology; current problems of animal breeding, breeding and hygiene; food safety and food processing technology; aquatic bioresources and aquaculture

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2616-728X
DOI: -------

 Certificate of state registration of the print media: КВ № 21523-11423Р 18.08.2015

 Founder of the collection: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Georgia Academy of Agricultural Sciences

 Editor-in-Chief: Viktor Mazur, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

 Deputy editors-in-chief: Aleksidze G.M., D.Sc.(Ph.D.), academician of the Academy of agricultural sciences of Georgia; Yaremchuk O.S., D.Sc.(Ph.D.) Professor, University of Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia)

 Secretary in charge: L. Kazmiruk

 Editorial Board full list

Editorial board

Mazur Viktor, Candidate of Science, Associate Professor of VNAU (Editor-in-Chief);

Guram Aleksidze, Ph.D., Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences Georgia (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);

Yaremchuk Oleksandr, Ph.D., Professor, VNAU (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);

Members of the Editorial Board:

Ibatullin Ildus, Ph.D., Professor, Academician, NULES;

Kaletnik Hryhoriy Ph.D. (Economics), Academician of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;

Zakharenko Mykola Oleksandrovych, Ph.D., Professor, NULES;

Vashakidze Archil, Ph.D., Academician, National Coordinator for Agricultural Electrification and Automation (Georgia);

Giorgadze Anatoly, Ph.D. (Engineering), Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Georgia;

Grib Josip, Ph.D, Professor of NUHPP;

Dzhaparidze Givi, Ph.D. (Economics), Academician, Vice-President of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences science of Georgia;

Georgiy Yeresko, Ph.D. (Engineering), Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;

Vlasenko Volodymyr, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor of VTEI;

Kulyk Mykhaylo, Ph.D., Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;

Kucheriaviy Vitaliy, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor, VNAU;

Lysenko Alexander, Ph.D., Professor, Research Institute of Experimental Veterinary Science, Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Minsk);

Lyotka Halyna, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU;

Mazurenko Mykola, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor;

Polishchuk Galina, Ph.D., Associate Professor;

Sychevsky Mykola, Ph.D.(Economics), Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;

Skoromna Oksana, Ph.D., Associate Professor;

Chagelishvili Revaz, Ph.D., Academician, National Forestry Coordinator (Georgia);

Chudak Roman, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor, VNAU;

Sheiko Ivan, Doctor of Science, Professor, Institute of Animal Science of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Zhodino);

Kazmyruk Larisa, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU (secretary in charge).

Edition: Collection

Type of publication for the intended purpose: scientific

Edition status: shared

Year of foundation: 2015

Frequency: 1 to 5 times a year

Volume: 4 to 10 ppm (format A-4)

Edition language: (different languages) Ukrainian, Georgian, English, Russian


Scope and category of readers: nationwide, foreign researchers, university professors, graduate students, students and professionals of agriculture and fisheries and food production

Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the Rector Order of the Higher Education University Mazur V.A. dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.

The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.


Beneficiary: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the collection: "Agrarian science and food technology".

History of journal:

Agrarian Science and Food Technology  Established in 1994 under the name of the Collection of Scientific Works of VSAU.

According to the Resolution of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication has acquired the status of a professional, in which it is allowed to publish the main results of the dissertation research in the fields of "Agronomy", "Animal engineering" and "Economic Sciences".

In 2001-2014 it was published under the title "Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University".

Since 2015 it is:"Agricultural Science and Food Technologies".


Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine in agricultural sciences under the name "Agrarian Science and Food Technologies" (ground: Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016 No. 515).