THE CURRENT STATE AND THE PROSPECTS OF BREEDING CATTLE AND PIGS OPENING IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE SHCHERBICH FARM
Zotko M.O., Candidate of Biological Sciences, Associate Professor
Masloid A.Р., Lecturer
Vinnytsia National Agrarian University
The production direction of the Shcherbich farm, the current state and prospects of cattle and pig production are investigated. The economy is multi-sectoral; in 2018, 83.4% of cash revenues were generated from the sale of crop products and 16.6% from livestock. In livestock breeding, respectively, sales of milk 52.5 and pork 38.0%. Revenues from the sale of milk increased by 11.3% and pork decreased by 11.5%.
In the reporting year, 98 heads were artificially inseminated, of which 25 (26%) were fertilized after their first insemination.
For the period of 2015-2018, calf output per 100 cows decreased from 100 to 71 heads (-29%) and increased the duration of the service period by 149 days. As a result, the amount of under-produced milk increased by 7.0% and beef by 0.7%.
Semen volume and germ cell concentration are within the limits of lim = 130.0-229.1, lim = 0.25-0.31 billion/ml, respectively. The largest volume of ejaculate has large white whales, and the smallest breeds of cantor, duroc and petrin occupy an intermediate position (P<0.5). There is no significant difference in sperm concentration.
In 2018, 10.6 piglets were received for the main sow compared to 2015, their number decreased from 21.7 to 10.6 heads (51.1%), with the number of farrows increasing from 1.0 to 1.6. 21.7 and 6.6 piglets, respectively, were obtained for farrowing. The results of the analysis indicate the sows infertility, the probable cause of infertility is the sows' age as a result of insufficient herd repair.
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Аnimal feeding and feed technology; current problems of animal breeding, breeding and hygiene; food safety and food processing technology; aquatic bioresources and aquaculture
Certificate of state registration of the print media: КВ № 21523-11423Р 18.08.2015
Founder of the collection: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Georgia Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Editor-in-Chief: Viktor Mazur, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy editors-in-chief: Aleksidze G.M., D.Sc.(Ph.D.), academician of the Academy of agricultural sciences of Georgia; Yaremchuk O.S., D.Sc.(Ph.D.) Professor, University of Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia)
Secretary in charge: L. Kazmiruk
Editorial Board full list
Mazur Viktor, Candidate of Science, Associate Professor of VNAU (Editor-in-Chief);
Guram Aleksidze, Ph.D., Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences Georgia (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);
Yaremchuk Oleksandr, Ph.D., Professor, VNAU (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);
Members of the Editorial Board:
Ibatullin Ildus, Ph.D., Professor, Academician, NULES;
Kaletnik Hryhoriy Ph.D. (Economics), Academician of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;
Zakharenko Mykola Oleksandrovych, Ph.D., Professor, NULES;
Vashakidze Archil, Ph.D., Academician, National Coordinator for Agricultural Electrification and Automation (Georgia);
Giorgadze Anatoly, Ph.D. (Engineering), Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Georgia;
Grib Josip, Ph.D, Professor of NUHPP;
Dzhaparidze Givi, Ph.D. (Economics), Academician, Vice-President of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences science of Georgia;
Georgiy Yeresko, Ph.D. (Engineering), Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;
Vlasenko Volodymyr, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor of VTEI;
Kulyk Mykhaylo, Ph.D., Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;
Kucheriaviy Vitaliy, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor, VNAU;
Lysenko Alexander, Ph.D., Professor, Research Institute of Experimental Veterinary Science, Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Minsk);
Lyotka Halyna, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU;
Mazurenko Mykola, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor;
Polishchuk Galina, Ph.D., Associate Professor;
Sychevsky Mykola, Ph.D.(Economics), Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;
Skoromna Oksana, Ph.D., Associate Professor;
Chagelishvili Revaz, Ph.D., Academician, National Forestry Coordinator (Georgia);
Chudak Roman, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor, VNAU;
Sheiko Ivan, Doctor of Science, Professor, Institute of Animal Science of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Zhodino);
Kazmyruk Larisa, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU (secretary in charge).
Type of publication for the intended purpose: scientific
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Year of foundation: 2015
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Edition language: (different languages) Ukrainian, Georgian, English, Russian
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Agrarian Science and Food Technology Established in 1994 under the name of the Collection of Scientific Works of VSAU.
According to the Resolution of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication has acquired the status of a professional, in which it is allowed to publish the main results of the dissertation research in the fields of "Agronomy", "Animal engineering" and "Economic Sciences".
In 2001-2014 it was published under the title "Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University".
Since 2015 it is:"Agricultural Science and Food Technologies".
Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine in agricultural sciences under the name "Agrarian Science and Food Technologies" (ground: Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016 No. 515).