Agrarian Science and Food Technologies


Issue №: 5(108). Т.2

Published: 2019.12.20

У збірнику висвітлено питання підвищення продуктивності виробництва продукції сільського і рибного господарства, технології виробництва і переробки продукції тваринництва, харчових технологій та інженерії, водних біоресурсів і аквакультури.

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Syrovatko К.М., Candidate of Agricultural Sciences, Associate Professor

Vinnytsia National Agrarian University



Nowadays there are problems associated with the decline in corn yield and perennial grasses for silage and haying as the main bulky forage of milking cows caused by recent climate fluctuations observed in years. In order to provide livestock with feed it is recommended to use winter rye silage. It gives high yields of green mass. In order to increase protein nutrition and reduce nutrient losses during silo harvesting and storage, it is proposed to silage 65% to 35% of winter rye with alfalfa using 1.5 g of biological preservative «Bonsilag alfa» per 1 ton.

It was proved that the rye-alfalfa silage had high protein nutrition with a 12.72 g crude protein content per 1 kg of dry matter; it is 4.92 g more than in the corn silage. The degree of cleavage of crude protein of rye-alfalfa silage was higher and amounted to 72.2%, and corn silage has 69.2%.

In terms of energy nutrition, the rye-alfalfa silage was not inferior to maize; the amount of exchange energy per 1 kg of dry matter was 9.41 and 9.37 MJ, respectively.

The «Bonsilag alfa» preservative promoted the normalization of fermentation processes in the maturation of rye-alfalfa silage, the accumulation of lactic acid, whose share was 68.5% of the total weight of acids after 68 weeks, its content (62.3%) in corn silage was lower.

Replacement of corn silage by rye-alfalfa one made from herbs with 70% humidity with the use of the bacterial preservative «Bonsilag alfa» in the fully mixed diet of Ukrainian black-and-white dairy breed cows allowed to increase protein by 228 g (9.7%) for crude protein and 106 g (5.7%) for digestible protein. During the 30 days of the experimental period, the average daily yield of milk fat increased by 1.68 kg or 8.2%, and by 2.13 kg or 9.4%. The fat content of milk increased by 0.04%, and the protein content by 0.01%.

Keywords: rye-alfalfa silage, Bonsilag preservative, dairy cows, protein, fiber, dry matter, milk yields

List of references


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2. Davydyuk, I. (2016). Hibrydne zhyto yakisnyy sinazh dlya molochnykh koriv [Hybrid rye is a quality hay for dairy cows]. Agroexpert Agroexpert, 5, 94-95 [in Ukrainian].

3. Vysotsʹkyi, I. (2016). Zhytnii sinazh - optymalnyi inhrydiient ratsionu  dlia koriv [Rye hay is an optimal feed ingredient for cows]. Agroexpert Agroexpert, 3, 92-93                  [in Ukrainian].

4. Bilous, A. (2018). Zhyto – alternatyvnyi hrubyi korm [Rye is an alternative coarse feed]. Moloko i ferma Milk and Farm, 3, 46-47 [in Ukrainian].

5. Laptev, H.Yu. (2006). Poteri pri silosovanii kormov v osnovnom ustranimyi [Losses during silage of feeds are mainly eliminated]. Sel'skokhozyaystvennyye vesti – Agricultural News, 2, 25-26 [in Russian].

6. Dyachenko, H.M. & Kravchenko, N.O. (2010). Biotekhnolohiia u kormovyrobnytstvi: stan i perspektyvy rozvytku [Biotechnology in forage production: state and prospects of development]. Silʹsʹkohospodarsʹka mikrobiolohiia Agricultural Microbiology, 11, 117-122 [in Ukrainian].

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8. Vinkelman, I. (2014). Vykorystannia konservantiv dlia sylosuvannia kukurudzy [The use of preservatives for corn silage]. Agroexpert Agroexpert, 6, 100-102 [in Ukrainian].

9. Popsui, V. & Opara, V. (2015). Yaki kormy bez konservantiv [What feeds are without preservatives]. Agroexpert Agroexpert, 5, 92-95 [in Ukrainian].

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11. Hnoievyi, I.V. (2013). Efektyvnist zastosuvannia konservovanykh kormiv za priorytetnymy tekhnolohiiamy yikh zahotivli v hodivli velykoi rohatoi khudoby [Efficiency of canned feeds utilization harvested by priority technologies for cattle feeding]. Ahropromyslove vyrobnytstvo Polissia – Agroindustrial production of Polissia, 6, 122-124 [in Ukrainian].

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About journal

Topics of the journal:

Аnimal feeding and feed technology; current problems of animal breeding, breeding and hygiene; food safety and food processing technology; aquatic bioresources and aquaculture

Key information:
ISSN (print): 2616-728X
DOI: -------

 Certificate of state registration of the print media: КВ № 21523-11423Р 18.08.2015

 Founder of the collection: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Georgia Academy of Agricultural Sciences

 Editor-in-Chief: Viktor Mazur, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)

 Deputy editors-in-chief: Aleksidze G.M., D.Sc.(Ph.D.), academician of the Academy of agricultural sciences of Georgia; Yaremchuk O.S., D.Sc.(Ph.D.) Professor, University of Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia)

 Secretary in charge: L. Kazmiruk

 Editorial Board full list

Editorial board

Mazur Viktor, Candidate of Science, Associate Professor of VNAU (Editor-in-Chief);

Guram Aleksidze, Ph.D., Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences Georgia (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);

Yaremchuk Oleksandr, Ph.D., Professor, VNAU (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);

Members of the Editorial Board:

Ibatullin Ildus, Ph.D., Professor, Academician, NULES;

Kaletnik Hryhoriy Ph.D. (Economics), Academician of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;

Zakharenko Mykola Oleksandrovych, Ph.D., Professor, NULES;

Vashakidze Archil, Ph.D., Academician, National Coordinator for Agricultural Electrification and Automation (Georgia);

Giorgadze Anatoly, Ph.D. (Engineering), Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Georgia;

Grib Josip, Ph.D, Professor of NUHPP;

Dzhaparidze Givi, Ph.D. (Economics), Academician, Vice-President of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences science of Georgia;

Georgiy Yeresko, Ph.D. (Engineering), Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;

Vlasenko Volodymyr, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor of VTEI;

Kulyk Mykhaylo, Ph.D., Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;

Kucheriaviy Vitaliy, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor, VNAU;

Lysenko Alexander, Ph.D., Professor, Research Institute of Experimental Veterinary Science, Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Minsk);

Lyotka Halyna, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU;

Mazurenko Mykola, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor;

Polishchuk Galina, Ph.D., Associate Professor;

Sychevsky Mykola, Ph.D.(Economics), Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;

Skoromna Oksana, Ph.D., Associate Professor;

Chagelishvili Revaz, Ph.D., Academician, National Forestry Coordinator (Georgia);

Chudak Roman, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor, VNAU;

Sheiko Ivan, Doctor of Science, Professor, Institute of Animal Science of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Zhodino);

Kazmyruk Larisa, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU (secretary in charge).

Edition: Collection

Type of publication for the intended purpose: scientific

Edition status: shared

Year of foundation: 2015

Frequency: 1 to 5 times a year

Volume: 4 to 10 ppm (format A-4)

Edition language: (different languages) Ukrainian, Georgian, English, Russian


Scope and category of readers: nationwide, foreign researchers, university professors, graduate students, students and professionals of agriculture and fisheries and food production

Article publishing is a paid service. Cost for printing in professional publications in accordance with the Decree of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of August 27, 2010 No. 796 "On approval of the list of paid services that can be provided by state educational institutions, other institutions of educational system belonging to state and communal ownership" and the Rector Order of the Higher Education University Mazur V.A. dated March 14, 2018 No. 93 “On setting the cost of printing in professional editions of the University”.

The cost of printing one page in professional editions of the university is 60 UAH.


Beneficiary: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University MFO 820172 Current account No. 31256282102055 code 00497236 Bank State Treasury Service of Ukraine, Kyiv. VAT payer code 004972302286. Registration number 100271744. Purpose of payment: for printing an article in the collection: "Agrarian science and food technology".

History of journal:

Agrarian Science and Food Technology  Established in 1994 under the name of the Collection of Scientific Works of VSAU.

According to the Resolution of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication has acquired the status of a professional, in which it is allowed to publish the main results of the dissertation research in the fields of "Agronomy", "Animal engineering" and "Economic Sciences".

In 2001-2014 it was published under the title "Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University".

Since 2015 it is:"Agricultural Science and Food Technologies".


Listed in the updated list of scientific professional editions of Ukraine in agricultural sciences under the name "Agrarian Science and Food Technologies" (ground: Order of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine of May 16, 2016 No. 515).