EVALUATION OF EFFICIENCY OF USING VARIOUS HYDROCARBON FODDER IN FEEDING BEES
Beekeeping is an important sector of agricultural production, the products of which are in high demand among the population because of its healing and high nutritional properties.
Bee products produced in Ukraine are competitive in foreign markets and can successfully occupy one of the leading places among livestock products exported to different foreign countries .
However, in modern beekeeping there are some problems of proper management.
The main ones include: insufficient supply of bees with fodder resources and uneven distribution of it during the active season, pollution of nectar-dust-bearing lands by various toxicants, instability of natural and climatic conditions, spread of diseases, low protection of owners of apiaries on the side of the farm, others [3, 7].
All these problems, to some extent, delay the intensity of development of the beekeeping industry and reduces the efficiency and volume of production.
Particular attention in the successful management of the beekeeping industry in modern environmental conditions deserves a stable and even supply of forage for bees.
The article presents the results of studies on the effectiveness of the use in the feeding of honeybees with carbohydrate feed (flower honey) and its partial substitutes (sugar syrup and glucose-fructose syrup). It was found that keeping bees in winter in bee families to provide them with honey produced in the first half of the active season from honey plants (acacia near, linden broad-leaved and small-leaved, grasses) ranged from 83.3% to 100%. The conservation of bees by providing them with winter honey produced from honey plants in the second half of the active season (sunflower, herbs) ranged from 66.7% to 90%. In order to provide bee families with honey made from sugar syrup and glucose-fructose syrup, winter beekeeping in this period ranged from 76.9% to 91.6% and from 83.3% to 100% respectively.
Bee families consuming glucose-fructose syrup during the winter-spring period were found to have grown more broods by 7.3% and 7.3% in the spring compared to their counterparts, which were provided with honey made from sugar syrup. and nectar of plants that bloomed in the second half of the active season.
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Аnimal feeding and feed technology; current problems of animal breeding, breeding and hygiene; food safety and food processing technology; aquatic bioresources and aquaculture
Certificate of state registration of the print media: КВ № 21523-11423Р 18.08.2015
Founder of the collection: Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Georgia Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Editor-in-Chief: Viktor Mazur, Candidate of Agricultural Sciences Associate Professor, VNAU (Vinnytsia)
Deputy editors-in-chief: Aleksidze G.M., D.Sc.(Ph.D.), academician of the Academy of agricultural sciences of Georgia; Yaremchuk O.S., D.Sc.(Ph.D.) Professor, University of Vinnitsa (Vinnytsia)
Secretary in charge: L. Kazmiruk
Editorial Board full list
Mazur Viktor, Candidate of Science, Associate Professor of VNAU (Editor-in-Chief);
Guram Aleksidze, Ph.D., Academician of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences Georgia (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);
Yaremchuk Oleksandr, Ph.D., Professor, VNAU (Deputy Editor-in-Chief);
Members of the Editorial Board:
Ibatullin Ildus, Ph.D., Professor, Academician, NULES;
Kaletnik Hryhoriy Ph.D. (Economics), Academician of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;
Zakharenko Mykola Oleksandrovych, Ph.D., Professor, NULES;
Vashakidze Archil, Ph.D., Academician, National Coordinator for Agricultural Electrification and Automation (Georgia);
Giorgadze Anatoly, Ph.D. (Engineering), Academy of Agricultural Sciences of Georgia;
Grib Josip, Ph.D, Professor of NUHPP;
Dzhaparidze Givi, Ph.D. (Economics), Academician, Vice-President of the Academy of Agricultural Sciences science of Georgia;
Georgiy Yeresko, Ph.D. (Engineering), Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;
Vlasenko Volodymyr, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor of VTEI;
Kulyk Mykhaylo, Ph.D., Professor, Corresponding Member of NAAS of Ukraine, VNAU;
Kucheriaviy Vitaliy, Ph.D.(Engineering), Professor, VNAU;
Lysenko Alexander, Ph.D., Professor, Research Institute of Experimental Veterinary Science, Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Minsk);
Lyotka Halyna, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU;
Mazurenko Mykola, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor;
Polishchuk Galina, Ph.D., Associate Professor;
Sychevsky Mykola, Ph.D.(Economics), Professor, Corresponding Member of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Institute of Food Resources;
Skoromna Oksana, Ph.D., Associate Professor;
Chagelishvili Revaz, Ph.D., Academician, National Forestry Coordinator (Georgia);
Chudak Roman, Ph.D., (Engineering), Professor, VNAU;
Sheiko Ivan, Doctor of Science, Professor, Institute of Animal Science of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus (Zhodino);
Kazmyruk Larisa, Ph.D., Associate Professor of VNAU (secretary in charge).
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Agrarian Science and Food Technology Established in 1994 under the name of the Collection of Scientific Works of VSAU.
According to the Resolution of the Presidium of the Higher Attestation Commission of Ukraine of September 11, 1997, this publication has acquired the status of a professional, in which it is allowed to publish the main results of the dissertation research in the fields of "Agronomy", "Animal engineering" and "Economic Sciences".
In 2001-2014 it was published under the title "Collection of scientific works of Vinnytsia National Agrarian University".
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